• On May 23, 1873, the Canadian government established the North-West Mounted Police. This police force eventually joined other law enforcement agencies to form the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) in 1920. Since then, the “Mounties” have become one of the most recognized and respected police forces in the world.
     
    The RCMP is a federal, provincial, territorial, and municipal police force, responsible for law enforcement in all provinces except Ontario and Quebec. Mounties, often on horseback, provide policing services to 190 municipalities, three major airports, and 184 aboriginal communities. 
     
    The original Mounties were a team of 300 men. As this force became more and more prominent, marine divisions, air divisions, dogs, and crime-detection laboratories were added. Today, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police is an organized group of more than 28,000 men and women. Their primary responsibilities are to protect Canada from crime, terrorism, and drugs. 
  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    aboriginal Adjective

    native or indigenous.

    crime Noun

    unlawful activity.

    establish Verb

    to form or officially organize.

    federal Adjective

    having to do with a nation's government (as opposed to local or regional government).

    government Noun

    system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.

    law enforcement Noun

    individuals or organizations that make sure people obey government rules.

    marine Adjective

    having to do with the ocean.

    municipal Adjective

    having to do with local government.

    police Noun

    local, state, or national government organization for law enforcement.

    primary Adjective

    first or most important.

    prominent Adjective

    important or standing out.

    province Noun

    division of a country larger than a town or county.

    Encyclopedic Entry: province
    recognize Verb

    to identify or acknowledge.

    respect Noun

    manner or way of doing things.

    terrorism Noun

    use of violence and threats of violence to influence political decisions.

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