On May 22, 1960, the most powerful earthquake in recorded history—magnitude 9.5—struck southern Chile. The rupture zone stretched almost 1,000 kilometers (621 miles) along the country’s coast. The event was named after the city most affected by the quake, Valdivia.The Valdivia earthquake left 2 million people homeless, injured at least 3,000, and killed approximately 1,655. Adjusted for inflation, the economic damage totaled more than $2 billion.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry adjust Verb
to change or modify something to fit with something else.
generally or near an exact figure.
large settlement with a high population density.
edge of land along the sea or other large body of water.
Encyclopedic Entry: coast devastate Verb
the sudden shaking of Earth's crust caused by the release of energy along fault lines or from volcanic activity.
having to do with money.
increase in the price of goods and services.
intensity of an earthquake, represented by numbers on a scale.
very large or heavy.
human settlement larger than a village and smaller than a city.
to cause or begin a chain of events.
ocean waves triggered by an earthquake, volcano, or other movement of the ocean floor.