• On May 22, 2000, the world celebrated the International Day for Biological Diversity. Biodiversity describes all the different kinds of living organisms in a given area—plants, animals, fungi, and even tiny microbes too small for us to see.
     
    Biodiversity in a forest, for instance, might include trees and termites, bears and birds, mushrooms and moss, and maybe even worms and wolves. Biodiversity in a coral reef always includes corals (of course!) and often includes plankton and parrot fish, sea worms and sharks, clams and crabs.
     
    Every year, there is a different theme for the International Day for Biological Diversity. In 2002, for instance, the theme focused on “Forest Biodiversity.” In 2014, the theme is “Island Biodiversity.”
  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    biodiversity Noun

    all the different kinds of living organisms within a given area.

    Encyclopedic Entry: biodiversity
    capacity Noun

    ability.

    celebrate Verb

    to observe or mark an important event with public and private ceremonies or festivities.

    coral reef Noun

    rocky ocean features made up of millions of coral skeletons.

    developing world Noun

    nations with low per-capita income, little infrastructure, and a small middle class.

    ecosystem Noun

    community and interactions of living and nonliving things in an area.

    Encyclopedic Entry: ecosystem
    financial Adjective

    having to do with money.

    forest Noun

    ecosystem filled with trees and underbrush.

    fungi Plural Noun

    (singular: fungus) organisms that survive by decomposing and absorbing nutrients in organic material such as soil or dead organisms.

    genetic Adjective

    having to do with genes, inherited characteristics or heredity.

    innovation Noun

    something new.

    integrity Noun

    honor, or loyalty to moral and ethical principles.

    island Noun

    body of land surrounded by water.

    Encyclopedic Entry: island
    microbe Noun

    tiny organism, usually a bacterium.

    plankton Plural Noun

    (singular: plankton) microscopic aquatic organisms.

    summit Noun

    meeting or conference of top leaders.

    sustainable Adjective

    able to be continued at the same rate for a long period of time.

    United Nations Noun

    international organization that works for peace, security and cooperation.

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