On March 3, 1913, thousands of people marched along Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C., to support woman suffrage in the United States. One day ahead of the inauguration of President Woodrow Wilson, the march put pressure on Wilson and the Democratic Party to extend the vote to all women.Organized by civil rights activist Alice Paul, the march encountered internal and external conflict. The most pressing conflict among the marchers themselves was how to include African American women. Some white supporters did not want to march with African Americans, and the plan ultimately placed African American marchers behind all white women and male supporters. African American marchers, including civil rights activist Ida B. Wells, broke ranks and instead marched with their state contingent.The thousands of marchers were met with violent opposition on their march from the Capitol to the Treasury Building. More than a hundred people were hospitalized, and many accused the police of allowing confrontation to continue. A Congressional investigation into the conflict resulted in the resignation of Washington, D.C.’s police chief.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry Capitol Noun
official building used by the U.S. Congress in Washington, D.C.
civil rights Plural Noun
set of fundamental freedoms guaranteed to all individuals, such as participation in the political system, ability to own property, and due process and equal protection under the law.
a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.
to address a problem or person directly.
small, designated part of a larger group.
to enlarge or continue.
ceremony that officially marks the beginning of a leader's term in office.
group opposing, criticizing, or protesting another, usually larger or more well-known, group.
local, state, or national government organization for law enforcement.
to identify or acknowledge.
formal act or statement giving up a title or position.
very large or important.
final or maximum.
strong, destructive force.
woman suffrage Noun
right of women to vote.