• On June 23, 1972, Title IX of the Civil Rights Act went into effect. Title IX (that’s “Title 9”) outlawed unequal treatment of boys and girls in schools that receive money from the federal government.
     
    Title IX applies to all programs, from math and science clubs to space in college dormitories. The most famous part of the law, though, applies to boys’ and girls’ sports. Title IX means that high school and college sports programs that get federal funding must be equal: equal quality of facilities, equal quality and amount of equipment, equal and fair practice times, fair amount of locker-room space, and equal training.
     
    Millions of female high school and college athletes were encouraged by Title IX. In the years after Title IX, participation in women’s college sports grew by more than 450 percent! 
  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    accomplishment Noun

    unique achievement, or something done well.

    athletic Adjective

    physically active.

    civil rights Plural Noun

    set of fundamental freedoms guaranteed to all individuals, such as participation in the political system, ability to own property, and due process and equal protection under the law.

    confidence Noun

    belief or trust in something.

    determination Noun

    resolve or willpower.

    discrimination Noun

    treatment based on a group to which a person belongs, not the person himself.

    equipment Noun

    tools and materials to perform a task or function.

    excel Verb

    to do very well.

    federal Adjective

    having to do with a nation's government (as opposed to local or regional government).

    funding Noun

    money or finances.

    gender Noun

    physical, cultural, and social aspects of sexual identity.

    graduate Verb

    to receive a degree or diploma from an educational institution.

    mandate Verb

    command, order, or authorization.

    phenomenal Adjective

    very impressive.

    prohibit Verb

    to disallow or prevent.

    sport Noun

    athletic activity.

    work ethic Noun

    dedication to a job or project.

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