On June 11, 323 BCE, Alexander the Great died in Babylon, in what is today Iraq. Alexander was a king of Macedon, a region in what is today northeastern Greece. Only 33 at the time of his death, Alexander spent his brief reign expanding his empire from the Mediterranean basin to the banks of the Indus River.As Alexander and his army conquered much of southwestern Asia, they influenced local traditions. Historians have called this process Hellenization, after the Greek word for Greece, Hellas. Greek culture—including artistic styles, language, urban planning and architecture, and military organization—remained a part of western Asia and the western Mediterranean for more than 1,000 years.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry Alexander the Great Noun
(356-323 BCE) Greek ruler, explorer, and conqueror.
style and design of buildings or open spaces.
a slope of land adjoining a body of water, or a large elevated area of the sea floor.
to overcome an enemy or obstacle.
learned behavior of people, including their languages, belief systems, social structures, institutions, and material goods.
group of nations, territories or other groups of people controlled by a single, more powerful authority.
to grow or get larger.
process of adopting Greek culture, traditions, or language.
to encourage or persuade a person or organization to act a certain way.
magnitude adjective, noun
relative size or amount.
Mediterranean basin Noun
land that surrounds the Mediterranean Sea.
continuous action, operation, or series of changes taking place in a defined manner.
any area on the Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.
Encyclopedic Entry: region reign Verb
to rule as a monarch.
beliefs, customs, and cultural characteristics handed down from one generation to the next.
urban planning Noun
process of creating or improving the natural, built, economic, and social environments of urban areas. Also called city planning.