• On July 21, 1970, engineers completed the Aswan Dam in southern Egypt. The Aswan Dam controls the flow of the Nile River.
     
    People in Egypt and Sudan depend on the Nile for drinking water, hygiene, agriculture, and industry. The dam provides a steady flow of water, so people are protected from floods and drought. As water flows through the dam, it also creates electricity. When the Aswan Dam opened, it provided about half of all the electricity used in Egypt!
     
    The Aswan Dam is one of the biggest man-made structures in the world. It is so big, it flooded a 3,000-year-old temple from Ancient Egypt. Archaeologists and engineers carefully moved the temple’s 6-story statues to a hill above the dam.
  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    agriculture Noun

    the art and science of cultivating the land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching).

    Encyclopedic Entry: agriculture
    archaeological site Noun

    place where evidence of the past is being studied by scientists.

    archaeologist Noun

    person who studies artifacts and lifestyles of ancient cultures.

    bank Noun

    a slope of land adjoining a body of water, or a large elevated area of the sea floor.

    colossal Adjective

    gigantic or huge.

    constant Adjective

    unchanging or continuous.

    crop Noun

    agricultural produce.

    Encyclopedic Entry: crop
    dam Noun

    structure built across a river or other waterway to control the flow of water.

    detail Noun

    small part of a larger organism, activity, or product.

    displace Verb

    to remove or force to evacuate.

    drought Noun

    period of greatly reduced precipitation.

    Encyclopedic Entry: drought
    electricity Noun

    set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and flow of electric charge.

    engineer Noun

    person who plans the building of things, such as structures (construction engineer) or substances (chemical engineer).

    enormous Adjective

    very large.

    expansion Noun

    process of enlarging.

    feature Noun

    non-portable archaeological remains, such as pyramids or post-holes.

    flood Noun

    overflow of a body of water onto land.

    Encyclopedic Entry: flood
    government Noun

    system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.

    hydroelectric dam Noun

    structure built across a river or other waterway that generates electricity by controlling the flow of water that passes through it.

    hygiene Noun

    science and methods of keeping clean and healthy.

    industry Noun

    activity that produces goods and services.

    irrigate Verb

    to water.

    monument Noun

    large structure representing an event, idea, or person.

    regulate Verb

    to determine and administer a set of rules for an activity.

    relocate Verb

    to move a residence or business from one place to another.

    reservoir Noun

    natural or man-made lake.

    Encyclopedic Entry: reservoir
    temple Noun

    building used for worship.

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