• On February 1, 1861, the state of Texas voted to secede from the United States. The Texas legislature held a Secession Convention in the capital city of Austin, and voted 166 to 8 in favor of secession. This followed the secession of six other states: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana. Texas was the last state to secede before President Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated on March 4, 1861. (These states, with later additions Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee, formed the Confederate States of America.)
     
    Before its secession, Texas was regionally divided between areas that economically relied on slavery and those that did not. Southern Texans worried that federal laws would prohibit the use of slaves, whose labor contributed to the region’s cotton plantations. Opposition was strongest in the northern part of the state, which generally did not use slaves. 
  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    capital Noun

    city where a region's government is located.

    Encyclopedic Entry: capital
    federal Adjective

    having to do with a nation's government (as opposed to local or regional government).

    inaugurate Verb

    to make a formal beginning or start.

    labor Noun

    work or employment.

    legislature Noun

    group of people, usually elected, who make and change laws.

    plantation Noun

    large estate or farm involving large landholdings and many workers.

    prohibit Verb

    to disallow or prevent.

    region Noun

    any area on the Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.

    Encyclopedic Entry: region
    secede Verb

    to withdraw from part of a union or alliance.

    slave Noun

    person who is owned by another person or group of people.

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