On April 29, 1998, the Brazilian government set aside 25 million hectares (62 million acres) of the Amazon rain forest for conservation. President Fernando Henrique Cardoso promised that, with the help and cooperation of the World Bank and the World Wildlife Fund, Brazil would protect 10 percent of the rain forest. The Amazon rain forest takes up roughly 60 percent of Brazil; the area set aside, about the size of Great Britain, cost between $84 million and $156 million to protect.In addition to making up more than half the landscape of Brazil, the Amazon rain forest also extends to Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Suriname, French Guyana, and Guyana. The Amazon rain forest is the world’s richest and most diverse biological area. As a result of Brazil’s growing population and economy, the rain forest shrank during the 20th century. It shrank due to the demand for timber and the need for farmland. During this time, many environmental organizations stepped in to explain the importance of the rain forest, the need for maintaining its lush biodiversity, and the effects of its destruction.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry biodiversity Noun
all the different kinds of living organisms within a given area.
Encyclopedic Entry: biodiversity conservation Noun
management of a natural resource to prevent exploitation, destruction, or neglect.
Encyclopedic Entry: conservation diverse Adjective
varied or having many different types.
system of production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
area used for agriculture.
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
the geographic features of a region.
Encyclopedic Entry: landscape lush Adjective
abundant and rich.
rain forest Noun
area of tall evergreen trees and a high amount of rainfall.
wood in an unfinished form, either trees or logs.
World Bank Noun
United Nations organization that loans money to poor and developing nations.