• On April 17, 1961, a group of about 1,400 Cuban exiles supported by the U.S. invaded Cuba at Playa Giron on the Bay of Pigs, on the island’s southern coast. The invasion was an attempt to overthrow the Cuban government. It failed.
     
    The Cuban revolution had overthrown Cuba’s pro-Western government just two years earlier. Thousands of Cubans—many associated with the old government—fled to the Miami, Florida, area. Most of Brigade 2506, the group that carried out the failed invasion, were among these new immigrants. They trained at a CIA facility in Guatemala and launched the invasion from there.
     
    The exiles thought that they would have the support of the Cuban people, but most Cubans supported the revolution and the new government led by Prime Minister Fidel Castro. Castro himself oversaw the military response to the Bay of Pigs invasion, which resulted in almost 300 deaths (Cuban and American) and the capture of 1,202 members of Brigade 2506. These prisoners were sent back to the U.S. in exchange for medicine and baby food.
  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    capture Verb

    to take or control.

    CIA Noun

    (Central Intelligence Agency) U.S. government agency whose mission is to "preempt threats and further U.S. national security objectives by collecting intelligence that matters, producing objective all-source analysis, conducting effective covert action as directed by the president, and safeguarding the secrets that help keep our nation safe."

    Cuban revolution Noun

    (1959) revolt that led to the overthrow of the dictator Fulgencio Batista in Cuba.

    exile Noun

    forced ejection from a country, or a person who feels forced to leave.

    government Noun

    system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.

    immigrant Noun

    person who moves to a new country or region.

    invade Verb

    to enter and attack.

    medicine Noun

    substance used for treating illness or disease.

    military Noun

    armed forces.

    result Verb

    to end after a series of actions.

    West Noun

    having to do with the developed nations of Europe and North America.

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