Article

Michelle Johnson is an earth science teacher.

Photograph courtesy Michelle Johnson

By National Geographic Education Staff

Friday, January 21, 2011

EARLY WORK

Michelle always had an interest in the natural terrain and environment around her. She remembers visiting state and national parks with her family and camping with the Girl Scouts as a child.

In high school, Michelle helped start a recycling program and an environmental awareness group, Students for a Better Earth.

In college at the University of Montana, Michelle’s work with the Student Conservation Association began her career in geography and environmental science.

MOST EXCITING PART OF YOUR WORK

Conveying to students that “their actions are important, and they can make a difference.”

MOST DEMANDING PART OF YOUR WORK

Classroom management—balancing the needs of students and administration with teaching science, all in one hour.

HOW DO YOU DEFINE GEOGRAPHY

“Primarily topographic features as well as cultural landmarks.”

WHAT IS GEOGRAPHY

“‘Geo’ means earth, so I consider almost all my classes focused on geography.”

GEO-CONNECTION

Michelle’s classes put a special focus on meteorology and integrating political maps with topographical ones. Students follow trade winds and ocean currents and identify countries and geographic regions they impact.

Students also evaluate wetlands restoration efforts across the United States. “We looked at a wetlands restoration program in Arcata (Calif.) and another one in Michigan, and decided if either approach could work in our area.”

SO, YOU WANT TO BE A . . . SCIENCE TEACHER

“Get a summer internship in the field. Spend a summer working with a geologist or an oceanographer. See what the science is like!”

GET INVOLVED

Visit your local state or national park. “Take an interpretive hike, talk to a naturalist or park ranger. Parks offer a wide variety of volunteer opportunities.”

Vocabulary

Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry

conservation

Noun

management of a natural resource to prevent exploitation, destruction, or neglect.

Encyclopedic Entry: conservation

geology

Noun

study of the physical history of the Earth, its composition, its structure, and the processes that form and change it.

interpretation

Noun

way of understanding an event or set of facts.

meteorology

Noun

study of weather and atmosphere.

Encyclopedic Entry: meteorology

naturalist

Noun

person who studies the natural history or natural development of organisms and the environment.

oceanography

Noun

study of the ocean.

Encyclopedic Entry: oceanography

terrain

Noun

topographic features of an area.

topography

Noun

study of the shape of the surface features of an area.

trade wind

Noun

winds that blow toward the Equator, from northeast to southwest in the Northern Hemisphere and from southeast to northwest in the Southern Hemisphere.

water current

Noun

flowing movement of water within a larger body of water.

wetland

Noun

area of land covered by shallow water or saturated by water.

Encyclopedic Entry: wetland

For Further Exploration

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Writers

Caryl-Sue, National Geographic Society
Mary Crooks, National Geographic Society

Editors

Kara West
Jeannie Evers

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