• Real-World Geography: Jon Waterhouse
    Jon Waterhouse is a conservationist and environmental steward.

    Photograph courtesy Mary Marshall

    Healing Journeys
    On any Healing Journey, the only electronics used are water quality monitors and other scientific equipment. This allows each member of the journey to stay in the moment while on the river.

    The reconnection with nature is unavoidable, Jon says, and it happens only when you immerse yourself in your surroundings and let go of outside interruptions and distractions.

    For further details on how to start your own Healing Journey, contact Jon and the Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council. All it takes is inspiration, time, and a few dollars, Jon says.

    By Zachary Michel

    Monday, August 29, 2011

    Jon is a National Geographic Society Fellow. He is also executive director of the Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council (YRITWC). The council was formed in 1997 by tribal chieftains along the Yukon River in northwestern North America in a grass roots effort to conserve and revitalize the river.

    EARLY WORK

    In 10th grade, Jon dropped out of school. Not long after, he found himself facing either prison or the military. He chose the latter. “I needed to get as far away from the negative influences in my life as possible,” he says.

    For the next 20 years, Jon traveled all over the world with the U.S. Navy. In his free time, he journeyed even farther. He backpacked through Scottish moors, Asian jungles, the meadows of the Azores, and the Alaskan wilderness. With each journey, Jon learned from local cultures and traditions.

    His time in Alaska reaffirmed a childhood fascination with the region. In his final days in the Navy, Jon opted to skip his formal retirement ceremony in favor of being dropped off in Alaska to explore. With a backpack and $2,000 in cash, he set off.

    Jon worked some odd jobs during this time, and was eventually contacted by his brother, Joseph. Joseph was coordinating a cleanup of an area in Galena, Alaska, nicknamed “Million Barrel Hill.” The area was named for the countless 55-gallon drums, most of which contained unidentifiable substances, left behind by the military after their operations in the area ceased.

    Jon took the helm as liaison between the military and environmental organizations. Jon says he essentially translated “military speak” into language that the local people could not only grasp, but also believe. Both groups trusted Jon.

    Not long after the cleanup, Jon was contacted by the Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council, a group of 70 tribes and First Nations from the U.S. and Canada. Concern for the health of their watershed prompted the tribes to work together and form the council.

    “It’s a subsistence lifestyle out there still,” Jon explains, “and if the health of the river is sacrificed, so too will be the lifestyles and cultures of the people living and relying on it.”

    Impressed with Jon’s success in Galena, the council asked him to continue his cleanup efforts around the Yukon River banks. The elders of the watershed council sat down with Jon and asked that he “go out and take the pulse of the river.”

    Though uncertain of what exactly that request meant, Jon accepted the challenge and decided to travel the river by canoe. He listened to the elders from the region’s tribes and nations to hear their concerns about the health of the river and the people on it. However, he recognized that in order to garner widespread attention and truly “take the pulse of the river,” he would have to give the journey a scientific scope, which he did through connections to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), among other scientific entities.

    In 2007, the first Healing Journey was born. Starting in Moosehide, a tribal land near Dawson City, Yukon Territory, Canada, the inaugural group of participants set off toward the mouth of the river, 3,222 kilometers (2,000 miles) west.

    For the next two-and-a-half months, the group paddled down the Yukon with cumbersome sensors in tow. They gathered temperature, nitrate input, and algal bloom data as they quietly made their way down the river. They synchronized the collected data to a map of the area, as well as a searchable database. Contacts at the USGS lab in Denver, Colorado, were thrilled as they received the data in real-time, a first for the department.

    Jon established the now-annual Healing Journey as a way to monitor the scientific health of the river and to promote environmental stewardship. Jon, the watershed council, and volunteers are responsible for removing more than 5.4 million kilograms (12 million pounds) of trash and pollutants from the Yukon.

    MOST EXCITING PART OF YOUR WORK

    Jon enjoys helping communities establish a relationship with their watershed. His work allows him to interact with diverse members of a community.

    During a cleanup of old junk vehicles in Anvik, Alaska, for instance, Jon’s group met a Yupik woman he describes as “nearly a century old and not much more than 4 feet tall.” She was thrilled to see that plants would be able to grow again where the decades-old abandoned cars had rested.

    Tribes from South Sudan, South America, Siberia, the Amazon, New Zealand, and throughout North America are looking to begin their own Healing Journeys project. Much of this interest comes from the youth in those communities. Jon is excited to see a new generation care about the planet and be aware of their environments.

    “There’s just a different feeling in the world,” he says.

    MOST DEMANDING PART OF YOUR WORK

    “Humans.”

    Jon chuckles at his own answer, but explains that creating a shift in people’s thinking can be the hardest thing to accomplish. It requires people to open up and listen to learn the purpose of the journeys and how they matter.

    HOW DO YOU DEFINE GEOGRAPHY?

    “The world and all that’s in it.”

    GEO-CONNECTION

    “Place is vital to human growth and development on this planet,” Jon says. “Understanding geography helps us understand other people and cultures, and how their views of the world around them may differ from our own.”

    Traveling along rivers is a perfect way to experience diverse geographic areas and interact with a wide variety of cultures. Jon constantly engages communities along the rivers he travels. Just interacting with others who share the same resource helps both communities understand their differences and similarities.

    Recently, Jon traveled to a village on the lower portion of the Yukon River, a place where moose were historically abundant. In recent years, the moose population dwindled and beaver became more prevalent. The villagers were unfamiliar with how to use beaver to sustain their lifestyle. Through the Yukon watershed council, villagers connected with a community many kilometers upriver where beaver was traditionally a prime resource. The groups were able to communicate, share traditional knowledge, and flourish.

    SO, YOU WANT TO BE AN . . . ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARD

    “Education is important—those letters after your last name help to get people to listen . . . but formal education is certainly not a requirement,” Jon says.

    At the very least, Jon advocates that everyone “just [get] out there, get involved in the community and the outdoors,” and listen to elders to learn from the past when moving toward the future.

    GET INVOLVED

    “Don’t accept the accepted path; have the courage to go out there. Get a passport, save a little money, get a subscription to National Geographic, buy a globe, and go to some place that grips you.”

  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    abandoned Adjective

    deserted.

    abundant Adjective

    in large amounts.

    accomplish Verb

    to succeed or complete a goal.

    algal bloom Noun

    the rapid increase of algae in an aquatic environment.

    bank Noun

    a slope of land adjoining a body of water, or a large elevated area of the sea floor.

    beaver Noun

    large, semiaquatic rodent with sharp teeth, a flat tail, and the ability to build dams.

    canoe noun, verb

    small, open boat with pointed ends.

    cease Verb

    to stop or end.

    century Noun

    100 years.

    chieftain Noun

    leader of a clan or tribe.

    chuckle Verb

    to laugh quietly or to yourself.

    communicate Verb

    to exchange knowledge, thoughts, or feelings.

    community Noun

    group of organisms or a social group interacting in a specific region under similar environmental conditions.

    conserve Verb

    to save or use wisely.

    culture Noun

    learned behavior of people, including their languages, belief systems, social structures, institutions, and material goods.

    cumbersome Adjective

    heavy or difficult to carry.

    data Plural Noun

    (singular: datum) information collected during a scientific study.

    database Noun

    a collection of information for analysis and interpretation.

    diverse Adjective

    varied or having many different types.

    engage Verb

    to interact with.

    essentially Adverb

    basically or in general terms.

    fascinate Verb

    to cause an interest in.

    First Nations Noun

    Native American people of Canada.

    flourish Verb

    to thrive or be successful.

    formal Adjective

    official or standardized.

    geography Noun

    study of places and the relationships between people and their environments.

    Encyclopedic Entry: geography
    globe Noun

    scale model of the Earth, or sometimes used to mean the Earth itself.

    Encyclopedic Entry: globe
    grass roots Adjective

    made up of people who are not socially or economically elite and do not represent the government.

    helm Verb

    to lead and manage a ship and ship's crew.

    inaugural Adjective

    first.

    incorporate Verb

    to blend or bring together.

    influence Verb

    to encourage or persuade a person or organization to act a certain way.

    jungle Noun

    tropical ecosystem filled with trees and underbrush.

    liaison Noun

    person who communicates between two or more groups.

    lifestyle Noun

    way of living, including cultural, economic, and social habits.

    map Noun

    symbolic representation of selected characteristics of a place, usually drawn on a flat surface.

    Encyclopedic Entry: map
    meadow Noun

    wide area of grassland.

    military Noun

    armed forces.

    mode Noun

    method or way of doing something.

    monitor Verb

    to observe and record behavior or data.

    moor Noun

    open meadow, often a wetland, common in high latitudes.

    moose Noun

    largest member of the deer family, native to North America.

    mouth Noun

    place where a river empties its water. Usually rivers enter another body of water at their mouths.

    Encyclopedic Entry: mouth
    National Geographic Society Noun

    (1888) organization whose mission is "Inspiring people to care about the planet."

    nitrate Noun

    type of salt used as fertilizer. Excess nitrates can choke freshwater ecosystems.

    odd job Noun

    unrelated, unspecialized work, usually for low pay.

    opt Verb

    to choose.

    passport Noun

    document issued by a national government to its citizens, verifying their identity and outlining their ability to legally travel to and from their home country.

    pollutant Noun

    chemical or other substance that harms a natural resource.

    prevalent Adjective

    common or widespread.

    prime Adjective

    ideal or very good.

    prison Noun

    buildings that house convicted criminals and people accused of a crime and awaiting trial.

    reaffirm Verb

    to verify or be reminded that something is true.

    region Noun

    any area on the Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.

    Encyclopedic Entry: region
    rely Verb

    to depend on.

    resource Noun

    available supply of materials, goods, or services. Resources can be natural or human.

    retire Verb

    to voluntarily stop or reduce the number of hours worked.

    revitalize Verb

    to give new life to something, or renew interest.

    river Noun

    large stream of flowing fresh water.

    Encyclopedic Entry: river
    sacrifice Noun

    destruction or surrender of something as way of honoring or showing thanks.

    scope Noun

    extent or width.

    sensor Noun

    instrument that receives a signal and transmit data about that signal, such as data on light or heat.

    stewardship Noun

    responsible management to ensure benefits are passed on to future generations.

    sustain Verb

    to support.

    synchronize Verb

    to cause to match or operate at the same time.

    temperature Noun

    degree of hotness or coldness measured by a thermometer with a numerical scale.

    Encyclopedic Entry: temperature
    tradition Noun

    beliefs, customs, and cultural characteristics handed down from one generation to the next.

    trash Noun

    garbage.

    tribe Noun

    community made of one or several family groups sharing a common culture.

    USGS Noun

    (United States Geological Survey) primary source for science about the Earth, its natural and living resources, natural hazards, and the environment.

    Encyclopedic Entry: USGS
    U.S. Navy Noun

    military branch whose mission is "to maintain, train, and equip combat ready Naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression, and maintaining freedom of the seas."

    village Noun

    small human settlement usually found in a rural setting.

    Encyclopedic Entry: village
    vital Adjective

    necessary or very important.

    watershed Noun

    entire river system or an area drained by a river and its tributaries.

    Encyclopedic Entry: watershed
    wilderness Noun

    environment that has remained essentially undisturbed by human activity.

    Encyclopedic Entry: wilderness
    Yukon River Noun

    (3,187 kilometers/1,980 miles) river in western Canada and the U.S. state of Alaska, draining into the Bering Sea.

    Yupik adjective, noun

    people and culture native to eastern Siberia and the U.S. state of Alaska.

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