Space weather is any condition in outer space that impacts technology on Earth. NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) seeks to better understand space weather, capturing images and video of the sun in action. Solar-caused features of space weather include solar wind, solar flares, and coronal mass ejections (CME). Global positioning systems, radio transmitters, and even power grids on Earth can be affected by space weather.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry coronal mass ejection Noun
huge burst of solar wind and other charged particles.
our planet, the third from the Sun. The Earth is the only place in the known universe that supports life.
Encyclopedic Entry: Earth Global Positioning System (GPS) Noun
system of satellites and receiving devices used to determine the location of something on Earth.
(acronym for National Aeronautics and Space Administration) U.S. agency responsible for space research and systems.
outer space Noun
space beyond Earth's atmosphere.
power grid Noun
network of cables or other devices through which electricity is delivered to consumers. Also called an electrical grid.
radio transmitter Noun
device that sends out sound signals.
having to do with the sun.
Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Noun
NASA mission designed to understand the causes of solar variability and its impacts on Earth.
solar flare Noun
explosion in the sun's atmosphere, which releases a burst of energy and charged particles into the solar system.
solar wind Noun
flow of charged particles, mainly protons and electrons, from the sun to the edge of the solar system.
space weather Noun
changes in the environment outside the Earth's atmosphere, usually influenced by the sun.
the science of using tools and complex machines to make human life easier or more profitable.