Background Info

The Siberian tiger is the world's largest cat. But with only 400 left in the wild, this rare giant is in danger of extinction due to poaching and habitat loss. Join Wild Chronicles on an expedition to Russia, where researchers have the rare opportunity to study this elusive species up close at a wildlife sanctuary. Hopefully their work will help protect these mighty giants.

Questions

1. 

Why does the Siberian tiger have a thicker coat than other tigers in southern Asia?

Show Answer

The winters in Siberia are extremely cold.

2. 

Why are these Siberian tigers difficult to study in the wild?

Show Answer

The Siberian rough terrain and the vast distances the tigers travel (anywhere from 200-500 square miles or 500-1,300 square kilometers) makes studying them difficult.

3. 

Besides poaching the tigers, how else are poachers harming these tigers?

Show Answer

The poachers are also poaching the tiger's food supply, like elk and wild boar.

4. 

Why do you think it so important to protect and save the Siberian tiger?

Show Answer

Siberian tigers are the most rare subspecies of tiger and the largest tiger subspecies in the world. It is important to save the Siberian tiger because they are beautiful and strong creatures. In some cultures, like the Tungusic peoples (living in Siberia), the Siberian tiger is revered as a near-deity, or god.

Fast Facts

  • No two Siberian tigers have exactly the same stripes on their coats.
  • A Siberian tiger's diet consists of prey like elk and wild boar. The Siberian tiger can eat as much as 60 pounds in one day.
  • Siberian tiger cubs cannot hunt until they are about 18 months old, and cubs stay with their mothers for two to three years.
  • During the winter, the high temperature in Siberia can reach -12 degrees Celsius (10 degrees Fahrenheit) and the low temperature can reach -20 degrees Celsius (-4 degrees Fahrenheit).

Vocabulary

Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry

endangered species

Noun

organism threatened with extinction.

Encyclopedic Entry: endangered species

sanctuary

Noun

protected area where wildlife can live and breed without threat from hunting.

Siberia

Noun

region of land stretching across Russia from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean.

Siberian tiger

Noun

endangered species native to far eastern Siberia.

tiger

Noun

large cat native to Asia.

Credits

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Writer

Chris Celauro

Editor

Alison Michel

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