This launches the American Wetlands Month Geo-Story in a new window.
  • Wetlands are places covered by water or saturated with water for at least part of every year. (Saturated means filled-up or soaked with water. A saturated wetland would be muddy, but not underwater.)
     
    Wetlands are important ecosystems. An ecosystem is a community of living and non-living things interacting in a specific area. Wetland ecosystems are unique because they include both land and water. 
     
    Some wetland ecosystems are covered or saturated in saltwater, freshwater, or brackish water. Brackish water is a mixture of salty seawater and freshwater. 
     
    Can you think of different plants and animals you might see in wetland ecosystems? Read our 'Questions' to help you think about it, then click on the GeoStory to visit some wetlands across the United States. 
  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    aquatic Adjective

    having to do with water.

    bog Noun

    wetland of soft ground made mostly of decaying plant matter.

    brackish water Noun

    salty water, usually a mixture of seawater and freshwater.

    climate Noun

    all weather conditions for a given location over a period of time.

    Encyclopedic Entry: climate
    ecosystem Noun

    community and interactions of living and nonliving things in an area.

    Encyclopedic Entry: ecosystem
    habitat Noun

    environment where an organism lives throughout the year or for shorter periods of time.

    Encyclopedic Entry: habitat
    humid Adjective

    air containing a large amount of water vapor.

    marsh Noun

    wetland area usually covered by a shallow layer of seawater or freshwater.

    Encyclopedic Entry: marsh
    noble gas Noun

    one of a group of elements appearing at the far right column of the periodic table of elements: helium (He), neon (Ne), argon (Ar), krypton (Kr), xenon (Xe), or radon (Rn). Also called an inert gas.

    noble gas Noun

    one of a group of elements appearing at the far right column of the periodic table of elements: helium (He), neon (Ne), argon (Ar), krypton (Kr), xenon (Xe), or radon (Rn). Also called an inert gas.

    saturate Verb

    to fill one substance with as much of another substance as it can take.

    swamp Noun

    land permanently saturated with water and sometimes covered with it.

    Encyclopedic Entry: swamp
    terrestrial Adjective

    having to do with the Earth or dry land.

    tidelands Noun

    intertidal zone. Region between the high tide and the low tide of an area.

    tropics Noun

    region generally located between the Tropic of Cancer (23 1/2 degrees north of the Equator) and the Tropic of Capricorn (23 1/2 degrees south of the Equator).

    Encyclopedic Entry: tropics
    tundra Noun

    cold, treeless region in Arctic and Antarctic climates.

    wetland Noun

    area of land covered by shallow water or saturated by water.

    Encyclopedic Entry: wetland
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