Background Info

Studded with 153 stations, the Pony Express trail used 80 riders and between 400 and 500 horses to carry mail from the settled Midwest to the new state of California. Riders could deliver mail in just 10 days, compared to the three weeks traditional stagecoach delivery required. Riders would stop every 16 to 24 kilometers (10 to 15 miles) to hop onto a fresh horse at the four to six relay stations on their leg of the trail.

For Further Exploration

Vocabulary

Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry

Midwest

Noun

area of the United States consisting of the following states: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Pony Express

Noun

(1860-1861) mail route between Missouri and California.

stagecoach

Noun

covered vehicle pulled by horses, used to transport people and cargo.

state

Noun

political unit in a nation, such as the United States, Mexico, or Australia.

Credits

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Illustrator

Tim Gunther, Illustrator

Page Producer

Makayla Trotter

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