Background Info

From the map above:

North Pacific blue whales were known to winter at the Costa Rica Dome, a nutrient-rich upwelling that supports abundant krill. But its location shifts, so scientists aboard the Pacific Storm research vessel used satellite tagged whales to lead the way. Three of the 15 whales tagged off Santa Barbara made the migration in early 2008. Others wintered off Mexico.

Questions

1. 

How many blue whales were tagged in this migration study?

Show Answer

Six whales were tagged.

2. 

Two whales were tagged at the nutrient-rich Costa Rica Dome, off the west coast of Central America. Where were the other whales tagged?

Show Answer

The other whales were tagged off the coast of the U.S. state of California. Three were tagged near Santa Barbara, and one further north.

3. 

Approximately how far did the whales tagged near Santa Barbara migrate to reach the Costa Rica Dome?

Show Answer

The Santa Barbara whales migrated about 3,200 kilometers (2,000 miles) to the Costa Rica Dome.

4. 

Based on the graphic at the bottom of this map, how long does a blue whale hold its breath while feeding?

Show Answer

Whales feeding around the Costa Rica Dome hold their breath for about 15 minutes.

5. 

The text on this map says that blue whales spend their winters at the Costa Rica Dome. The area has an abundant supply of krill, blue whales' primary food source. Besides eating, what do you think the whales do near the Costa Rica Dome?

Show Answer

Answers will vary. The warm waters off Central America are an ideal place for female blue whales to give birth.

For Further Exploration

Vocabulary

Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry

animal migration

Noun

process where a community of animals leaves a habitat for part of the year or part of their lives, and moves to habitats that are more hospitable.

blue whale

Noun

species of marine mammal that is the largest animal to have ever lived.

echo sounder

Noun

device that measures the depth of water using sound pulses. Also called a sonic depth finder.

krill

Noun

small marine crustacean, similar to shrimp.

nutrient

Noun

substance an organism needs for energy, growth, and life.

Encyclopedic Entry: nutrient

research vessel

Noun

ship or boat equipped to carry out scientific experiments or collect data.

satellite tag

Noun

device attached to animals that can track their movement using satellites and GPS technology.

upwelling

Noun

process by which currents bring cold, nutrient-rich water to the ocean surface.

Encyclopedic Entry: upwelling

Credits

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Cartographers

A. R. Williams
Lisa R. Ritter
Hiram Henriquez

Producer

Caryl-Sue, National Geographic Society

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