One of the first maps of the New World, this map made by Johannes Ruysch using a polar projection. It includes an extensive view of South America, islands of the West Indies, and a portion of North America. This map appeared in some copies of the 1507 Rome edition of Ptolemy's Geography. Ruysch's map illustrates a number of significant geographic features, particularly along the easterly sea route to Asia, which was of prime importance to early 16th-century Europeans.