• province
    Yunnan has been a Chinese province since about 205 BCE.

    Photograph by XD Luo, MyShot

    The world's largest province is Xinjiang, China. Xinjiang forms part of China's border with Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. Xinjiang is 4.1 square kilometers (1.6 million square miles), larger than many countries.

    A province is an area of land that is part of a country, similar to a state or a county. It can also be an area of land under political control by an outside country, similar to a colony.

    Provinces are usually units of government. Canada has 10 provinces, each with a lieutenant governor. China has 22 provinces inside its borders. Each Chinese province is led by a political governor and a military governor. In the South American country of Chile, there are 53 different provinces contained in 15 different regions. Each province is led by a governor who is appointed by the president of the country.

    Countries can also have provinces outside of their borders. This was more common in the past than it is today. Canada was once a province of the United Kingdom, for example.

    The word province comes from the Latin word provencia, which referred to areas ruled by Roman officials about 2,000 years ago.

  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    border Noun

    natural or artificial line separating two pieces of land.

    Encyclopedic Entry: border
    colony Noun

    people and land separated by distance or culture from the government that controls them.

    country Noun

    geographic territory with a distinct name, flag, population, boundaries, and government.

    county Noun

    political unit smaller than a state or province, but typically larger than a city, town, or other municipality.

    Encyclopedic Entry: county
    government Noun

    system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.

    Latin Noun

    language of ancient Rome and the Roman Empire.

    military Noun

    armed forces.

    province Noun

    division of a country larger than a town or county.

    Encyclopedic Entry: province
    region Noun

    any area on the Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.

    Encyclopedic Entry: region
    Roman Adjective

    having to do with the civilization of ancient Rome, including the kingdom, republic, and empire.

    state Noun

    political unit in a nation, such as the United States, Mexico, or Australia.

    United Kingdom Noun

    nation made of the countries of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.

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