Bayou is a French version of the word "bayuk." Bayuk is a Choctaw word for "small stream."
According to National Geographic, Louisiana has lost around 4,900 square kilometers (1,900 square miles) of coastal wetlands since the 1930s.
A bayou is a slow-moving creek or a swampy section of a river or a lake. Bayous are often associated with the southeastern part of the United States, especially the state of Louisiana.
Bayous are usually shallow and sometimes surrounded by trees and bushes. They can be freshwater, saltwater, or a combination of both. This combination is called "brackish water."
The plants and water of a bayou are home to hundreds of creatures: fish, shrimp, birds, even alligators.
People have been living in bayous for more than a thousand years. Native Americans known as Choctaws may have been the first people to live in and around Louisiana bayous. Cajun and Creole cultures, both native to Louisiana, are also associated with bayous.
Bayou Bartholomew is the longest bayou in the world and is located in the U.S. states of Arkansas and Louisiana. It is about 603 kilometers (375 miles) long and contains more than 100 different species of fish. Before railroad lines were constructed in the late 1800s, Bayou Bartholomew was an important waterway for transportation.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry Acadia Noun
(1604-1713) French colony in northeastern North America.
family (genealogical) or historical background.
swampy backwater of a river or lake.
Encyclopedic Entry: bayou brackish water Noun
salty water, usually a mixture of seawater and freshwater.
people of French-speaking ancestry native to the Gulf Coast region of the United States, mostly the coast of Louisiana.
people and land separated by distance or culture from the government that controls them.
trade, or the exchange of goods and services.
sharing of information and ideas.
group of organisms or a social group interacting in a specific region under similar environmental conditions.
flowing body of water that is smaller than a river.
people and culture of the Native American, French, Caribbean, African, and Spanish settlers of the American Gulf Coast, especially the state of Louisiana.
learned behavior of people, including their languages, belief systems, social structures, institutions, and material goods.
drainage basin Noun
an entire river system or an area drained by a river and its tributaries. Also called a watershed.
overflow of a body of water onto land.
Encyclopedic Entry: flood Gulf Coast Noun
land in the United States surrounding the Gulf of Mexico.
environment where an organism lives throughout the year or for shorter periods of time.
Encyclopedic Entry: habitat interact Verb
to work with or meet.
to set one thing or organism apart from others.
having to do with the ocean.
movement of a group of people or animals from one place to another.
Native American Noun
person whose ancestors were native inhabitants of North or South America. Native American usually does not include Eskimo or Hawaiian people.
to plan and direct the course of a journey.
political division, similar to a county, in the U.S. state of Louisiana.
any area on the Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.
Encyclopedic Entry: region slave Noun
person who is owned by another person or group of people.
knowledgeable or complex.
land permanently saturated with water and sometimes covered with it.
Encyclopedic Entry: swamp transportation Noun
movement of people or goods from one place to another.
all the plant life of a specific place.