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Program Big Cats Initiative

  • Tips & Modifications

    Tip

    In Step 5, use the NG Education video "I Am From: Poem" from the video gallery "Experiencing Film" to give students more background on the format of an "I Am From" poem and a model of a completed poem.

    1. Pre-teach the vocabulary that students will hear in the content video.

    Pre-teach the following terms that are mentioned in the video: abode, conservation, cultivation, endangered species, exploit, extinction, genetic diversity, mammal, national park, predator, pride, retaliate, retribution, sanctuary, savanna, symbol, tenuous, and tolerance. Answer any questions students may have, as needed.

     

    2. Activate students’ prior knowledge about lions and what lions symbolize.

    Discuss with students what they know about lions. Ask: Where do lions live? What role do they play in nature? Are there different types of lions? Elicit from students that lions are large mammals and top predators that live in groups called prides. Most lions live in the savanna of sub-Saharan Africa. They are called African lions. Another small population of lions lives in the Gir Forest of India. These are called Asiatic lions. Tell students that the video they are going to watch will describe other differences between African and Asiatic lions. Ask: What is a symbol? What do you think a lion symbolizes? Elicit from students that a symbol is something that represents something else and that lions can symbolize different things to different people or cultures. Student responses might include power, strength, fear, king (of the jungle), speed, or fierceness. Explain that the video explains how the lion symbolizes power in the Hindu culture.


    3. Introduce the National Geographic video, “Lions of Gir.”

    Explain that students will view the video to learn about Asiatic lions and explore strategies and challenges involved in conserving the population living in India’s Gir Forest. To better understand the video, they will use a notetaking strategy that gives them specific themes to focus on while they watch. Distribute copies of the Four-Column Chart worksheet to each student. Write the following words on the board and have students copy them on their worksheets as heads for each column: culture, lions, humans, and conservation. Tell students to jot notes under each theme as the words come up in the video that they are about to watch. Make sure that students understand what each of the words means. Explain that conservation is "the management of natural resources to prevent exploitation, destruction, or neglect."

    4. Have students view the “Lions of Gir” video and take notes on specific themes.

    After students view the video, divide them into pairs. Have partners compare their notes for four theme words: culture, lions, humans, and conservation. If they observed similar things about one of the video’s themes, have them draw a circle around those notes on their papers. If they observed different things, have them underline those notes on their papers. Then discuss students’ notes as a class. Ask a student volunteer from each pair to share similarities and differences in their notes for each theme. Explain that when people observe videos, they often notice different parts or themes.

    5. Have students view the “Lions of Gir” video again, with a different purpose.

    Tell students that they are going to view the video again, but this time they will watch it from a certain character’s perspective. Ask: What is meant by the word senses? Explain that you want students to think about what the characters in the video are sensing, feeling, and experiencing. After the video, students will write an “I Am From” poem based on the perspective of one of the characters. Explain that an “I Am From” poem can be used to express what someone or something may be feeling or experiencing. Assign students one of the following four characters to observe: Asiatic lion, Conservationist, Local Government, or Maldhari herdsman. In addition to the name of their character, have students write the activity’s guiding question on their papers: What strategies and challenges are involved in conserving lion populations like those in the Gir Forest of India? Tell students that their characters' “I Am From” poems should relate to this question.

     

    6. Have students write and share “I Am From” poems.

    Lead a brief discussion about students’ observations based on the perspectives of their characters. Answer any questions and then explain the requirements for writing their “I Am From” poems. Require students to write at least five sentences and to use as many descriptive or key words as possible. Key words could include conservation, endangered, exploit, extinction, national park, sanctuary, symbol, and tolerance. After writing their poems, have students take turns reading them aloud to the class. Discuss how students describe the perspective of their characters and the feelings and experiences of those characters. Point out similarities and differences in how students represented their characters, especially those students who wrote about the same character.

    7. Have students apply and discuss what they learned from the “Lions of Gir” video.

    Have students think about the activity’s guiding question. Ask: What strategies and challenges are involved in conserving lion populations like those in the Gir Forest of India? Elicit from students that in 1907 the ruler of Junagadh, India, made the Asiatic lion a protected species. People were no longer allowed to hunt the lions for sport. Today, the Asiatic lion population in Gir has increased to more than 400. However, the lions are still endangered due to lack of genetic diversity, lack of natural prey, and habitat decline. Even though the Gir Forest is a national park and sanctuary for the lions, they still face threats that include poisoning, road and railroad construction, and tourism. More and more lions and humans are competing for space and food. Read aloud the video’s closing statement: “The lions are a symbol of power but they are virtually powerless against the humans that both exploit and protect them.” Ask students to reflect on this statement and discuss how humans both exploit and protect the lions of Gir. Students should realize that their opinion about whether or not the lions are exploited or protected depends on the perspective (or character) from which they consider the statement.

    8. Explain how students can find out more about the Lions of Gir and other endangered big cats.

    At the end of the discussion, encourage students to access National Geographic’s Big Cats Initiative website. Explain that the site includes videos, images, and articles that will teach them more about the strategies and challenges involved in conserving big cat populations throughout the world.

    Informal Assessment

    Review students’ notes and “I Am From” poems to assess their comprehension of the video and Asiatic lion conservation.

    Extending the Learning

    Have students use the National Geographic Big Cats Initiative website to research and present information about other endangered big cats.

  • Subjects & Disciplines

    • Cross-Disciplinary
      • History
    • Geography
    • Language Arts
      • Listening comprehension
      • Writing (composition)
    • Science
      • Biology
      • Natural history
    • Social Studies
      • Current events/issues
      • Human behavior

    Learning Objectives

    Students will:

    • distinguish between African lions and Asiatic lions
    • state how the themes of culture, lions, humans, and conservation relate to the Asiatic Lions living in India’s Gir Forest
    • describe the perspective of one or more “characters” from the video both orally and in writing
    • list strategies used to conserve the Asiatic lions living in India’s Gir Forest
    • list challenges involved in conserving the Asiatic lions living in India’s Gir Forest

    Teaching Approach

    • Learning-for-use

    Teaching Methods

    • Discussions
    • Information organization
    • Writing

    Skills Summary

    This activity targets the following skills:


    National Standards, Principles, and Practices

    National Geography Standards

    • Standard 14:  How human actions modify the physical environment
    • Standard 3:  How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • What You’ll Need

    Materials You Provide

    • Pencils
    • Writing paper

    Required Technology

    • Internet Access: Required
    • Tech Setup: 1 computer per classroom, Projector, Speakers
    • Plug-Ins: Flash

    Physical Space

    • Classroom

    Grouping

    • Large-group instruction
  • Background Information

    Big cat populations throughout the world are in decline, mostly due to human threats. One of the first official acts of lion conservation came in 1907 when the ruler of Junagadh, India, made the Asiatic lion a protected species. Today, the Asiatic lion population in India's Gir Forest has increased to more than 400. Even though the Gir Forest is a national park and sanctuary for the lions, the lions are still endangered due to lack of genetic diversity, lack of natural prey, and habitat decline.


    Prior Knowledge

    • None

    Recommended Prior Activities

    • None

    Vocabulary

    Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    Big Cats Initiative Noun

    National Geographic Society program that supports on-the-ground conservation projects, education, economic incentive efforts, and a global public-awareness campaign to protect big cats and their habitats.

    conservation Noun

    management of a natural resource to prevent exploitation, destruction, or neglect.

    Encyclopedic Entry: conservation
    endangered species Noun

    organism threatened with extinction.

    Encyclopedic Entry: endangered species
    exploit Verb

    to use or take advantage of for profit.

    extinction Noun

    process of complete disappearance of a species from Earth.

    national park Noun

    geographic area protected by the national government of a country.

    predator Noun

    animal that hunts other animals for food.

    sanctuary Noun

    protected area where wildlife can live and breed without threat from hunting.

    For Further Exploration

    Websites