1. Activate students’ prior knowledge.
Ask students to raise their hands if they have ever been to a shopping center or mall. Have students brainstorm the kinds of stores and services that might be found in a shopping center. Use the following prompts, if needed:

  • What kinds of stores are at a mall?
  • Can you eat there?
  • Can you see a movie at a mall?
  • What else can you do there?

Tell students that they will look at a map of a mall to figure out what places there are important to different people.

2. Have pairs of students analyze a map of a mall.
Divide students into pairs. Distribute maps of a local shopping mall, if possible. Tell students the name of the mall, and ask how many have been there. Explain that the map shows where everything is in the mall. Ask: Why is it important for a shopping mall to provide maps? Elicit from students that maps help people find their way around. Have pairs find a main entrance and circle it on their maps. Then have them look at the map key. Explain that a map key uses symbols to represent specific places or services. Point out the symbols for restrooms, bank machines, restaurants, an information desk, and security. Have pairs locate a restroom close to the entrance and circle it on their maps. Then have them find a restroom far away from the entrance and circle it. Discuss how long it might take to walk to each restroom from the entrance they circled.

3. Have students locate and vote on important places.
Have students imagine that they are hungry and need to find a place to eat. Have them use the key to find the places that serve food. Discuss the different options available. Ask students which place they would choose to eat. Have students raise their hands to vote for each restaurant or food option. Tally the votes on the board.

4. Discuss why different places are important to different people.
Discuss whether or not there was one place where most students wanted to eat, and other places where fewer students wanted to eat. Ask:

  • Why is the place you chose important to you?
  • Would your friends choose the same place? Why or why not?
  • Would your family members choose the same place? Why or why not?


5. Have students draw conclusions.
Ask students what conclusions they can draw about why different people value different places. They should recognize that personal experiences help to shape which places people value.

Extending the Learning

Have students check the map for as many DOGSTAILS as they can find and circle and label them. If needed, review DOGSTAILS with students:

Date: when the map was made
Orientation: direction (north arrow or compass rose)
Grid: lines that cross to form squares
Scale: map distance
Title: what, where, and when
Author: who made the map
Index: the part of the grid where specific information can be located
Legend: what the symbols mean
Sources: who provided information for the map


Subjects & Disciplines

Learning Objectives

Students will:

  • identify places that are important to them
  • analyze a map and map key
  • locate and vote on important places on a map
  • draw conclusions about why different places are important to different people

Teaching Approach

  • Learning-for-use

Teaching Methods

  • Brainstorming
  • Discussions
  • Hands-on learning

National Standards, Principles, and Practices

National Council for Social Studies Curriculum Standards

Theme 3
People, Places, and Environments

National Geography Standards

Standard 1
How to use maps and other geographic representations, geospatial technologies, and spatial thinking to understand and communicate information
Standard 4
The physical and human characteristics of places


What You’ll Need

Materials You Provide

  • Maps of a shopping mall
  • Markers

Background & Vocabulary

Background Information

Places are important to people for many different reasons. By exploring a map of your local mall with others, you can discover what places different people value—and why.

Prior Knowledge

  • None

Recommended Prior Activities


Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry



an explanation of symbols and abbreviations used on a map, also known as a legend.

map symbol


representation of one piece of data displayed as part of a larger representation of spatial information.


Media Credits

The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited.


Sharon L. Barry


Christina Riska, National Geographic Society

Educator Reviewer

Mark H. Bockenhauer, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Geography, St. Norbert College


adapted from National Geographic Xpeditions lesson “Mapping What Matters”

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