1. Learn about habitats.
A habitat is the place or environment where a plant or animal naturally or normally lives and grows. Think about what makes up a habitat. It includes water, air, trees, rain, snow, and sand. Can you think of other examples?
Earth has many habitats and each type of habitat is unique. Oceans, forests, deserts, tundra, rivers, lakes, and wetlands are all habitats. What are other examples? Even under water, there can be habitats such as shallow-water or deep-water zones. A combination of many things—including temperature, soil, available food, rainfall, and geographic location—create a habitat.
2. Ask yourself what animals need from a habitat.
There are four basic survival needs that all animals require from their habitat. What do you think they are? Hint: Think about what things are essential for your survival.
3. Read about an example of an animal in its habitat.
Here’s one example of an animal in its habitat and what it needs to survive. Can you think of more?
Animal: salt water crocodile
Habitat: coastal marshes, estuaries, and shallow marine waters
This animal's basic survival needs include:
- food—carnivorous (eats meat), including fish, birds, reptiles, and mammals
- shelter from weather and predators—have camouflage and can submerge for long periods of time
- water—provided by diet and from freshwater sources
- a place to raise young—female prepares and guards a nest until the young hatch and are released
4. Brainstorm and draw your own example.
Give your own example of an animal in its habitat and what it needs to survive. First, think about animals you are familiar with, such as dogs, cats, hamsters, and birds. For each animal you think of, answer the following questions:
- What is the animal?
- What is its habitat?
- What does it need to survive?
Draw a picture of an animal in its habitat, with the things it needs to survive.
What four basic things do all animals need to survive?
Materials You Provide
The resources are also available at the top of the page.
Recommended Prior Activities
A habitat is the place or environment where a plant or animal naturally or normally lives and grows. Understanding animals’ basic survival needs helps you understand the characteristics of their habitats.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry habitat Noun
environment where an organism lives throughout the year or for shorter periods of time.
Encyclopedic Entry: habitat predator Noun
animal that hunts other animals for food.
structure that protects people or other organisms from weather and other dangers.
offspring or children.
For Further Exploration